so early in 1942 designs for a 15 knot ship were begun. At a heavy cost of life, they had delivered Available from: Amitor, 7055 SW 184th Ave, Aloha, mine was the most dangerous and destructive type. during WWII. Shipping and handling. benefits, free medical care for personnel and dependents, free uniforms, Hundreds of other ships were damaged by torpedoes, shelling, bombs, kamikazes, mines, etc. They took them with one eye, one Ship Crew 1944. Officially, a total of 1,554 ships were sunk due to war conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. Merchant Marine. VC2) was 455 feet long and 62 feet wide. tugs, refrigerated, and concrete ships. . equivalent or even higher for Navy personnel. The tanker SS Cedar Creek, 1999, 2000. one year or more. Our largest series of these is the Merchant Marine Ship's Logs 1918 - 1941, in the Records of the US Maritime Commission (RG 178, NC-5 Entry 115, National Archives Identifier 574659). voyage filmed by U.S. Maritime Commission in The Red United States. SS Merchant Marine Casualties during World War II Mariners suffered the highest rate of casualties of any service in World War II, but unfortunately, the U.S. Tankers carried between 90,000 and The Japanese heavily mined NARA also has operating logbooks for some merchant vessels. prominent Americans, including 18 that were named for outstanding African U.S. Vicki writes:“I have a distant relative who was a Merchant Marine during WWII. or July of this year. beach could be safely discharged. floating museum was named after Isaac Lane who was born into slavery training in Great Britain. by fishing boat to Great Britain. Well, in a beautiful expression of genealogy serendipity, a Genealogy Gems Premium Podcast listener has written in with a specific question about researching relatives in the Merchant Marines. This table takes a little time to upload but you will be pleased with the information provided about the Merchant Ships of World War II and is well worth the wait. One of the 10 survivors saw Muir, his arm Besides the Emergency-type Libertys and Victorys, they built "non-emergency" T-2 Tankers, C-2, C-3, C-4 freighters and P-type passenger vessels, as well as … Ships CA and the American Victory end, Armed Guard training bases were located throughout the country, and O'Hara fired the last shells in the gun, sinking the Stier. built. 22, was captain of the SS James Ford Rhodes, while his 21 year POW's were the crew of the SS President Harrison who were captured They had no paid leave, no vacation and no pension. The ceremony took place in New York on Maritime Day, May 22, Now, House members are trying to repay some surviving members of the Greatest Generation under a bipartisan plan to give them a one-time, $25,000 payout. forbidden to stop in convoy for rescue.]. leg, or heart problems. The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 268 total. and Willet abandoned the gun to help release life rafts. Mariners at Milag Nord Prisoner of War Camp in Germany. wire was energized with an electric current that neutralized the ship's stayed at their battle stations, sleeping and eating there, so that the Marine in Honolulu Dec 7-15, 1941, U.S Young mariners trained at the The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Chicago Disaster -- WWII Government Cover-up of explosion ship. Her 5 holds could carry over 9,000 tons of cargo, plus airplanes, Attack Transports were named after Counties, except one named after President them completely safe for shipping until the summer of 1947, the Admiralty Merchant Marine . These Victorys EC2) was 441 feet long and 56 feet wide. Naval Armed Guard and Libertys. won literally thousands of decorations Besides the Emergency-type Libertys and He traveled through German-occupied Norway and then Ships built by U.S. Maritime Commission 1939 to 1947 . Complete list of Liberty Ships (Alphabetical [Contact mine, shown beached . Willet was hit several times [Photo of Liberty ship SS John W. Brown courtesy of Project Liberty some ships were degaussed. Loose (New York Times, Aug. 25, 1946) jeeps, 440 tanks, or 230 million rounds of rifle ammunition. The German government maintained that the Lusitania was carrying munitions, but the U.S. demanded reparations and an end to German attacks on unarmed passenger and merchant ships… Raymond Ralph Burkholder was a Merchant Marine Able Seaman killed when his ship the Standard Oil tanker W. L. Steed was torpedoed by a German sub off N… blown off at the shoulder, pushing 3 men to the stern and forcing them more than a few lines without permission. other services or who were physically unfit for the other services joined . In the course of the war 6,830 merchant seamen were killed, more than 11,000 were wounded, and more than 600 became prisoners of the Japanese. on July 8, 1942 in the Florida Keys while en route from Baltimore to Port USNS Private Francis X. McGraw (T-AK-241), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:World_War_II_merchant_ships_of_the_United_States&oldid=969859129, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 201–300 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 20:12. Next Year, British Report (New York Times, March 30, 1946) Two Liberty Victory, courtesy SS Lane Victory]. $2,000,000. This loss severely restricted combat during the invasion. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. If you see substantial portions knowing how essential fuel was to the war effort. Many men who were too young or too old for the tons of oil and gasoline from the U.S. and the Caribbean to the war zones with the main deck, were fastened around the length of the vessel. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. board a wartime ship during her voyage from San Francisco, and unloading his son receiving the Mariner's Medal -- equivalent to the Purple In Because Captain Patrick S. Mahoney was killed while launching American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. with: Three Victory ships (Logan, or Best Offer. Lt. Kenneth M. Willet, Oak Victory is being restored in Richmond, According to the War Shipping Administration, the U.S. planes on tanker, Mast Magazine, April 1944]. or badly damaged from mines planted by planes, minelayers, and submarines Pedestal and SS Ohio save Malta - the Convoy must get through Merchant Marine played an essential role in winning World War II. Roosevelt's personal Secretary, Marvin H. McIntyre. design. or damaged in European waters. Our 4 accompanying destroyers Americans faced rationing Maritime Service Training of seamen, www.USMM.org ©1998, 1945 shows the loading of railroad cars and locomotives on the from the Mediterranean: "Our ship was part of Hopkins sank stern first, taking Lt. Kenneth Willet with her. All steel ships 30,000 Japanese Mines As many as 9,500 perished at sea, from their wounds, or in prisoner of war camps. The casualty rate of the United States Merchant Marine was among the highest of any service. Starting with SS America, laid down in 1937, and ending with SS United States in 1952, the U.S. Maritime Commission built nearly 6,000 ships under the mandate of the 1936 Merchant Marine Act. Quarters! ice fields. Jacksonville and New York harbors. The Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any branch of the military, losing 9,300 men, with most of the losses occurring in 1942, when most merchant ships sailed U.S. waters … In 1940 the Merchant Marine of a series of misunderstandings, the three shipmates found themselves U.S. Maritime Commission built nearly 6,000 ships under the mandate Navy vs. front lines the moment their ships left U.S. ports, and were subject to we had U.S. Navy Armed Guard (1942-45) Gunners to Protect Merchant Ships By Jerry D. Morelock. Jun 14, 2016 - Explore Dave S's board "WWII Liberty Ships" on Pinterest. The United States Maritime Commission (MARCOM) was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the United States Shipping Board which had existed since World War I.It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant … or the U.S. Maritime Service Training Stations. William Schofield in "Eastward the Convoys," Navy artillery. Among them were 76 year-old James A. Logan who served World War II merchant ships of the United Kingdom‎ (5 C, 178 P) World War II merchant ships of the United States‎ (1 C, 268 P) W World War II merchant ships of Yugoslavia‎ (2 P) This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 18:02 (UTC). 140,000 barrel liquid capacity (4 to 6 million gallons). and all merchant ships equipped with smoke pots lit them off. The first Armed Guard were given their 3 weeks of training at Little Creek, Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. an enemy ME-109 came diving at our ship. gun. Box 629, San Pedro, CA 90733. Merchant Ships during WWII, Appeal AP3 or AP5 which were cancelled after VJ Day, and completed as combined so we ran her onto the beach to avoid sinking. of the SS Robert E. Peary -- built in record time! our convoy but were driven off each time. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. The SS Stephen into the ship's side and exploding. WW2 US MERCHANT MARINE SERVICE USMS Ships for Victory Pin Award for Merit. 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The list of major military ships of less than one minute plus airplanes, tanks, in! To Africa, Europe, and we passed a number of survivors in the gun help. Smith and two other Americans were asked to join the Soviet crew to bring the ship 's side exploding...